The Cook Islands, a small nation in the South Pacific, has emerged as a leading jurisdiction for asset protection. Its International Trusts Act of 1984, bolstered by subsequent amendments, provides a robust framework for safeguarding wealth against potential legal threats. While the act has fortified asset protection provisions, it’s essential to understand its strengths and potential vulnerabilities.

The Global Reputation of Cook Islands Trusts

The Cook Islands have garnered a reputation for being a powerhouse in asset protection. The International Trusts Act of 1984 allows for the creation of trusts that serve both estate planning and asset protection purposes. The Act has been strengthened over the years, further enhancing its asset protection provisions.

High-Profile Cases Testing the Cook Islands Trusts Act

a gavel on top of a pile of money

The resilience of the Cook Islands Trusts Act has been tested in various high-profile cases:

  • FTC v. Affordable Media, LLC (“Anderson Case”): This case revolved around a fraudulent telemarketing scheme operated by the Andersons. Despite their flawed trust structure, the Cook Islands’ legal provisions, especially the duress clause, safeguarded their assets against U.S. court orders.
  • Branch Banking & Trust Co. v. Hamilton Greens, LLC et al (“Bellinger Case”): Bellinger’s assets in a Cook Islands Trust remained protected despite a U.S. court judgment against him, underscoring the act’s resilience against foreign judgments.

Strengths of the Cook Islands Trusts Act

a dumbbell on top of money

The Cook Islands Trusts Act boasts several key strengths:

Non-recognition of foreign judgments: The Cook Islands do not enforce foreign judgments against its trusts, offering a significant layer of protection.

High burden of proof for fraudulent transfers: Creditors face a formidable challenge as they must prove beyond a reasonable doubt a trust was formed with fraudulent intent.

Privacy and confidentiality: The Cook Islands prioritize privacy, ensuring that trust deeds and court cases are not part of the public record.

Potential Vulnerabilities and Limitations

a hand protecting a small house on a stack of coins

While the Cook Islands Trusts Act is powerful, it’s not without vulnerabilities:

  • Assets within U.S. jurisdiction: Assets located within the U.S., such as real estate or business interests, can be targeted as they fall under U.S. jurisdiction.
  • Timing and structure of asset transfers: Proper structuring is paramount. Transfers made under questionable circumstances or close to adverse legal actions can be susceptible to fraudulent transfer claims.


The Cook Islands Trusts Act remains a premier tool for asset protection planning on a global scale. While it offers unparalleled protection, understanding its nuances is crucial. By seeking proper legal advice and ensuring proper trust structure, individuals can maximize their asset protection with a trust domiciled in the Cook Islands.